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You can make a difference in our community. How is Book Ahead Calculated? Urgent Care Book Ahead informs you of the number of patients who are checked-in at Renown Health Urgent Care waiting to be seen by a healthcare provider. The following situations can result in dog blood work being ordered: On the first veterinary visit: We recommend puppies have blood test to rule out congenital diseases, for baseline information and for pre anesthetic testing prior to spay or neuter During semi-annual wellness exams : This is recommended if your veterinarian suggests it as part of a thorough physical examination because dog blood work, along with other bodily fluids like urine, can help identify conditions the examination portion of a physical cannot If a dog seems not quite right: Canine blood tests are suitable for a dog that is not displaying any overt signs of illness, disease or injury, but is acting abnormal Pre-surgical tests: Dog blood work is used to determine the efficiency of the liver and kidneys, which helps a veterinarian select the safest dose of anesthesia.
Tests can also help determine the surgical risk level in infirmed, elderly or injured patients Prior to starting a new medication: Particularly for new medication may be metabolized by the liver or kidney During senior wellness exams: Dog blood tests are usually recommended for mature, senior and geriatric dogs as part of their periodic wellness exams. These are extremely beneficial, as we often see senior dogs return to a more youthful state of being when blood tests identify an issue that can be easily treated Although our in-house dog laboratory can process any type of dog blood work or culture, some of the most common lab work for dogs we perform are: Urinalysis: We evaluate your dog's urine to reveal hydration status, infections, kidney or bladder disease, diabetes and other health conditions Fecal Exam: We recommend checking your dog's stool sample annually.
Complete Blood Count CBC : We analyze your dog's blood to assess features of the blood, including red and white cell count, immunity status, and the measure of hemoglobin, which is the actual substance in red blood cells that carries oxygen Blood Clotting Times: We test your dog's blood for bleeding disorders Blood Chemistries: We identify the status of your dog's internal organs, and also gauge their health before anesthetizing for surgery Cytology: We collect samples of sebum and cellular debris on the skin and in the ears to determine if infection is present.
In addition, we may perform needle or core biopsy of lumps or masses on your dog's body to look for cancer cells. Understanding Canine Blood Tests Understanding dog blood tests is second nature to us. Specifically, a Complete Blood Count provides detailed information including: Hematocrit HCT : This test measures the percentage of red blood cells to detect anemia and hydration Hemoglobin and mean corpulscular hemoglobin concentration Hb and MCHC : These are the oxygen-carrying pigments of red blood cells White blood cell count WBC : This test measures the body's immune cells. High levels indicate regenerative anemia Fibrinogen FIBR : This test provides important information about blood clotting.
High levels may indicate a dog is 30 to 40 days pregnant Blood Chemistries, or blood serum tests, evaluate a dog's organ function, electrolyte status, hormone levels and more. Albumin ALB : This is a serum protein that helps evaluate hydration, hemorrhage and intestinal, liver and kidney disease Alkaline phosphatase ALKP : Elevations in this test may indicate liver damage, Cushing's disease or active bone growth in a young dog Alanine aminotansferase ALT : This test may determine active liver damage, but does not indicate the cause Amylase AMYL : Elevations in this test indicate pancreatitis or kidney disease Aspartate aminotransferase AST : Increases in this test may indicate liver, heart or skeletal muscle damage Blood urea nitrogen BUN : This test determines kidney function.
An increased level is called azotemia and can be caused by kidney, liver and heart disease as well as urethral obstruction, shock or dehydration Calcium Ca : Changes in the normal level of this test can indicate a variety of diseases. Tumors, hyperparathyroidism, kidney disease, and low albumin are just a few of the conditions that alter serum calcium Cholesterol CHOL : This test is used to supplement diagnosis of hypothyroidism, liver disease, Cushing's disease and diabetes mellitus Chloride Cl : Chloride is an electrolyte that is typically lost with symptoms like vomiting or illnesses such as Addison's disease.
Elevated levels may indicate diabetes mellitus.
Low levels can cause collapse, seizures or coma Potassium K : This is an electrolyte typically lost with symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea or excessive urination. Increased levels may indicate kidney failure, Addison's disease, dehydration or urethral obstruction. High levels can lead to cardiac arrest Lipase LIP : Lipase is an enzyme that may indicate pancreatitis Sodium Na : Sodium is an electrolyte often lost with signs vomiting, diarrhea, kidney disease and Addison's disease.
This test helps indicate hydration status Phosphorus PHOS : Elevations in this test are often associated with kidney disease, hyperthyroidism and bleeding disorders Total bilirubin TBIL : Elevations in this test may indicate liver or hemolytic disease. This test helps identify bile duct problems and certain types of anemia Total protein: This test indicates hydration status and provides additional information about the liver, kidneys and infectious diseases Thyroxine T4 : Thyroxine is a thyroid hormone.
10 Important Blood Tests: What They Show, Why They’re Done, More
Decreased levels often signal hypothyroidism in dogs In order to determine which dog blood tests can best benefit your canine friend, we recommend scheduling an appointment with your veterinarian today. Share this Content. Talk to Us Have a great idea for a blog post, a question for the vet or a cute photo to share? Get In Touch Address: N. Newsletter Want the latest pet health news and special offers from The Drake Center delivered directly to your inbox?
They include sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, and chloride.
Fasting for a Blood Test
Abnormal electrolyte levels may be a sign of dehydration, kidney disease, liver disease, heart failure , high blood pressure , or other disorders. Blood tests for kidney function measure levels of blood urea nitrogen BUN and creatinine kre-AT-ih-neen. Both of these are waste products that the kidneys filter out of the body. Abnormal BUN and creatinine levels may be signs of a kidney disease or disorder.
Enzymes are chemicals that help control chemical reactions in your body. There are many blood enzyme tests. This section focuses on blood enzyme tests used to check for heart attack. Troponin is a muscle protein that helps your muscles contract. When muscle or heart cells are injured, troponin leaks out, and its levels in your blood rise. For example, blood levels of troponin rise when you have a heart attack. For this reason, doctors often order troponin tests when patients have chest pain or other heart attack signs and symptoms. A blood product called CK-MB is released when the heart muscle is damaged.
High levels of CK-MB in the blood can mean that you've had a heart attack. A lipoprotein panel is a blood test that can help show whether you're at risk for coronary heart disease CHD. This test looks at substances in your blood that carry cholesterol.
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Abnormal cholesterol and triglyceride levels may be signs of increased risk for CHD. Blood clotting tests sometimes are called a coagulation KO-ag-yu-LA-shun panel. These tests check proteins in your blood that affect the blood clotting process. Abnormal test results might suggest that you're at risk of bleeding or developing clots in your blood vessels. Your doctor may recommend these tests if he or she thinks you have a disorder or disease related to blood clotting. Blood clotting tests also are used to monitor people who are taking medicines to lower the risk of blood clots.
Warfarin and heparin are two examples of such medicines.
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Other blood tests require fasting not eating any food for 8 to 12 hours before the test. Your doctor will tell you how to prepare for your blood test s. Blood usually is drawn from a vein in your arm or other part of your body using a needle. It also can be drawn using a finger prick.
The person who draws your blood might tie a band around the upper part of your arm or ask you to make a fist. Doing this can make the veins in your arm stick out more, which makes it easier to insert the needle.
Preparing for a blood test
The needle that goes into your vein is attached to a small test tube. The person who draws your blood removes the tube when it's full, and the tube seals on its own. The needle is then removed from your vein. If you're getting a few blood tests, more than one test tube may be attached to the needle before it's withdrawn. Some people get nervous about blood tests because they're afraid of needles. Others may not want to see blood leaving their bodies. If you're nervous or scared, it can help to look away or talk to someone to distract yourself.
You might feel a slight sting when the needle goes in or comes out. Once the needle is withdrawn, you'll be asked to apply gentle pressure with a piece of gauze or bandage to the place where the needle was inserted. This helps stop bleeding. It also helps prevent swelling and bruising.
Most of the time, you can remove the pressure after a minute or two. You may want to keep a bandage on for a few hours. Usually, you don't need to do anything else after a blood test. Results can take anywhere from a few minutes to a few weeks to come back. Your doctor should get the results. It's important that you follow up with your doctor to discuss your test results.
The main risks of blood tests are discomfort and bruising at the site where the needle goes in. These complications usually are minor and go away shortly after the tests are done. Blood tests show whether the levels of different substances in your blood fall within a normal range.
For many tests, normal ranges vary depending on your age, gender, race, and other factors. Your blood test results may fall outside the normal range for many reasons. Abnormal results might be a sign of a disorder or disease. Other factors—such as diet, menstrual cycle, physical activity level, alcohol intake, and medicines both prescription and over the counter —also can cause abnormal results.
Your doctor should discuss any unusual or abnormal blood test results with you. These results may or may not suggest a health problem.